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When food choices or behavior change is not possible, supplements are a solution to fill a nutritional gap, there are several factors to consider. Similarly, they may order imaging scans to check the fallopian tubes. Mercola, unless otherwise noted. A reputable and honest company will have contact information you can use to request further information for the research behind their claims. Kevin Granger uses natural methods to successfully bring you back to excellent health My name is Dr. Taking all this information into account, a careful, cost-benefit analysis needs to be performed by anyone taking a supplement. Earwax protects your ear canal and your hearing.

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Since beginning practice in I have seen thousands of patients and treated thousands of conditions. I have helped thousands of people regain their health, and I know that it IS possible without resorting to pharmaceuticals and dangerous and unnecessary operations. I help patients by discovering the root cause their problems and correcting it with natural remedies to allow their bodies to heal and return to full health.

Like many people with health challenges, you've most likely been through several doctors and health programs, only to see no results at all. Click to watch the video above for real patient testimonials on their amazing successes under Dr. Granger's care and programs. He uses natural methods and supplements that are very affordable, and the positive results are frankly phenomenal. Many people have been in poor health for so long and have met with so many failures to fix their health, that they've given up on ever being in good health again.

We're here to tell you that it IS possible for your body to heal itself from all kinds of illnesses and conditions — as long as you avoid the foods your body hates, and that you're getting the EXACT nutrition to help your body heal what's wrong. They have the know-how to discover the precise organs that are affected, and whether there is a problem with immune problems, heavy metals or food allergies causing the problems. Granger has written and collected various articles on health and nutrition that can educate you on healthier lifestyles, food, exercise and more.

Lutein is isomeric with zeaxanthin , differing only in the placement of one double bond. Lutein and zeaxanthin can be interconverted in the body through an intermediate called meso-zeaxanthin [5]. Lutein is a lipophilic molecule and is generally insoluble in water.

The presence of the long chromophore of conjugated double bonds polyene chain provides the distinctive light-absorbing properties.

The polyene chain is susceptible to oxidative degradation by light or heat and is chemically unstable in acids. Lutein is present in plants as fatty-acid esters , with one or two fatty acids bound to the two hydroxyl-groups. For this reason, saponification de-esterfication of lutein esters to yield free lutein may yield lutein in any ratio from 1: This xanthophyll , like its sister compound zeaxanthin , has primarily been used in food and supplement manufacturing as a colorant due to its yellow-red color.

Many songbirds like evening grosbeak , yellow warbler , common yellowthroat and Javan green magpie deposit lutein obtained from the diet into growing tissues to color their feathers.

Although lutein is concentrated in the macula — a small area of the retina responsible for three-color vision — the precise functional role of retinal lutein has not been determined. In , findings of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study showed that a dietary supplement formulation containing lutein reduced progression of age-related macular degeneration AMD by 25 percent.

The study reported that there was no overall additional benefit from adding omega-3 fatty acids or lutein and zeaxanthin to the formulation. However, the study did find benefits in two subgroups of participants: Removing beta-carotene did not curb the formulation's protective effect against developing advanced AMD, which was important given that high doses of beta-carotene had been linked to higher risk of lung cancers in smokers.

It was recommended to replace beta-carotene with lutein and zeaxanthin in future formulations for these reasons. A more recent study investigated the effects of lutein and zeaxanthin on macular pigment and visual function in patients with early AMD. Daily intake of either 20 mg lutein alone or 10 mg lutein and 10 mg zeaxanthin was found to significantly increase the macular pigment content in comparison with the placebo group; the authors also reported a significant improvement in contrast sensitivity and a trend toward improvement in best-corrected visual acuity after 48 weeks of carotenoid supplementation.

The aim for all people, including athletes, should be to remove this from your diet and make better choices when integrating fat within the diet. The good fats are known as unsaturated fats.

These unsaturated fats include polyunsaturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fats. Both polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats have been shown to have a positive effect on reducing blood cholesterol levels as well as reducing the risk of heart disease. A specific polyunsaturated fat know as omega-3 fatty acids has had positive results on decreasing the risk of coronary artery disease, reducing blood pressure and guarding against irregular heartbeats.

The take home message is when introducing fat into your diet make sure it is the good fat and not the bad fat.

While a food first mentality is the preferred source of nutrients, when nutrients are lacking, supplementation is an option in your nutrition routine. There are many questions about optimal nutrition for young athletes.

Nutrition should support their normal growth and development, but also the increased needs as a result of training. It is also important to create good and healthy nutrition habits that will benefit any young athlete later in life. Young athletes are not just smaller versions of adult athletes. Young athletes have different nutritional needs because they are in a phase of growth, and their physiology and metabolism is different from adults. Here we will discuss the background, as well as some of the practical implications of nutrition for young athletes and their parents.

The growth in height of pre-pubertal children between the ages of 2 and 10 years is linear and occurs at a rate of 2. The median heights and weights for boys and girls are similar, averaging 2ft10 and The age for the onset of puberty varies among individuals. Puberty usually occurs in boys between the ages of 12 and 16, while in girls it generally occurs earlier, between the ages of 11 and In some African-American girls, puberty begins even earlier, at about age 9.

During puberty, large inter-individual differences exist in development. Children and adolescents need adequate energy intake to ensure proper growth, development, and maturation. Dietary Reference Values DRVs have been established for various ages, but for the athletic or highly physically active child or adolescent, these recommendations will need to be adjusted for the level of physical activity.

In adolescents in particular, the onset of the growth spurt, which is a major reason for increased energy requirements, is unpredictable and it is very difficult to estimate energy requirements. It is well known, though, that prolonged inadequate energy intake will result in short stature, delayed puberty, poor bone health, increased risk of injuries, and menstrual irregularities or absence in girls. For the aspiring young athlete this should also include specific sports nutrition guidance with performance goals in addition to health goals.

This can reinforce lifelong eating habits that contribute to the overall well being of children and may enhance sport performance. There is an important role for parents, coach and support staff to encourage appropriate eating behaviors, but also to avoid bad habits, such as too much attention to body shape and body weight.

From Infancy to Adolescence. Can J Diet Pract Res. There appear to be some differences in fuel use between adults and children. Children therefore rely very much on fat as a fuel than adults. These differences, however, seem to diminish throughout adolescence, especially in boys, suggesting that the hormones associated with puberty play a role in regulating energy metabolism in children. In order to support their growth and development, children and adolescents have protein requirements that are relatively high compared to adults.

However, as for adults, the protein requirements for young elite athletes are likely to be even higher. These requirements may be as high as 1. However, when athletes are following a complete, well-balanced diet with adequate protein sources, this requirement is easily met with higher daily energy intakes of highly active individuals. On the whole, protein requirements seem to be of no particular concern for most young athletes. Nevertheless, it is important to be aware that there may be some individuals, who, perhaps due to intentional energy restriction for weight loss or a vegetarian diet, have protein intakes well below the recommended amounts.

It is well known that carbohydrate ingestion in adults both before and during exercise can delay fatigue and improve endurance performance. Unlike protein, which has a quite general recommendation, recommendations for carbohydrate intake rate highly dependent on the intensity, duration and type of exercise that is performed by young athletes. Although it is important to eat enough carbohydrate to fuel the activity, carbohydrate loading, such as is common practice in endurance sports to increase muscle glycogen levels, is not needed and not advised for children.

A relatively high carbohydrate diet is advised but there is no need to follow a dedicated glycogen-loading regimen. Children can benefit from carbohydrate intake during exercise, as adults do. But this is only useful when the exercise is high enough intensity and long enough duration.

Many children will be physically active or engage in regular training but may not reach the level of physical activity that would warrant the use of carbohydrate beverages. However, those young athletes training hard and long enough will probably benefit.

Very few studies have investigated fat intake or fat requirements in physically active children. As in adults, the main priorities are adequate protein and carbohydrate intake and fat can make up the remaining energy needs. Restricting fat intake in non-obese children has been suggested to impair growth and development, although it is not clear whether this is a direct effect of low fat intake or low energy intake. The quality of the fats also matters.

Choose healthy fats and avoid trans fats. One of the main ways that humans lose heat is through the evaporation of sweat from the surface of the skin. This should give children an advantage in terms of their thermal homeostasis over that of exercising adults, at least up to the point at which ambient temperature exceeds skin temperature, after which this advantage is supposedly reversed.

In practice, however, this has not been found to be the case and adults and active children seem to experience similar body core temperatures, even when exercising at high ambient temperatures. Whether the same finding would occur in young athletes, as compared to these active, but not competitive children, is yet to be determined.

High sweat rates in hot conditions can result in large fluid and electrolyte losses. However, there are large differences in sweat rates between children and adults.

This muted response, also observed in both young girls and adult females, is probably due to the underdevelopment of the peripheral sweating mechanism in younger boys. In fact, once male sex hormone production starts to increase during puberty, the sweat rate is seen to increase rapidly. Studies show that the extent of dehydration, and more importantly, the risk of developing a heat-related illness seems to be similar between adults and younger athletes.

Thus the recommendations regarding fluid replacement are likely to be similar too. The policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics, regarding the fluid replacement guidelines for children during exercise in the heat state that a child who weighs 88 lbs should drink 5 oz. Such guidelines are very general and do not take into account important factors such as environmental conditions, exercise intensity, acclimatization and individual differences, but it gives perhaps a rough indication.

There may be a small proportion of children that will benefit from sports drinks. These are the children that perform intense activity for longer periods of time and generally perform at a higher level. When performance on that day is the key focus, then a sports drink may be appropriate. For the vast majority of cases, water will do fine for hydration.

The same is true for other sports nutrition products such as gels, chews, energy bars, and so on. These can sometimes be convenient solutions, but are not strictly necessary. While a number of young athletes may use nutrition supplements, you should promote a food first mentality.

While a food first mentality is the preferred source of nutrients, when nutrients are lacking, supplementation may be an option in their nutrition. However, especially in young individuals, there must be reservations about most supplements regarding long-term use, combinations and appropriate dosages in an elite young athlete.

Soccer has identified NSF- certified amino acids, multivitamins, electrolytes, probiotics, fish oil, and whey protein as supplements that may be considered in young athletes — only after consultation with a doctor, dietitian, or sports medicine professional.

We start with a food first philosophy. However, it may be challenging for athletes to design and put into action a complete fueling plan. Time constraints, access to fresh, whole foods and grocery stores, culinary and nutritional knowledge, underestimating the additional demands of sport, recovery, and growth, are all factors that may lead many athletes to fall short of the recommended levels of nutrients.

We believe with proper education and safeguards such as NSF-Certified for Sport, supplements can be an option when food is not available.

Perhaps one of the greatest potential threats to child health is inappropriate weight control in young athletes that could lead to the development of unhealthy eating behaviors, an eating disorder, or impaired growth and development. If a reduction in body mass is desired, this should be done gradually and limited to no more than 1.

A more rapid rate of weight loss than this will likely result in muscle protein breakdown, and this may interfere with growth and development. When possible, the athlete should be counseled by a registered dietitian who has experience of working with athletes and their families. Youth Player Nutrition Guide. When the clock stops or practice ends, players must focus on helping their bodies recover from physical activity and nutrition plays a central role.

Soccer's Recognize to Recover program offers these tips to nutritional recovery: Rehydrate, Refuel and Rebuild. Rehydration begins as soon as play ends.

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