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The radiant heating causes different shaped parts to heat at different rates. Yamaha maintains a Manual Library at its website with owner's manuals for 45 different tuners free for downloading. A halogen lamp can be operated at a higher temperature than a standard gas-filled lamp of similar power and. Notify me of new posts via email. Retrieved June 28, Generally, anything can be auctioned on the site as long as it is not illegal and does not violate the eBay Prohibited and Restricted Items policy.

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When it came it was a womans. I thought that the purpose of leaving bad feedback was to warn other buyers. The seller had 17 feedbacks. Who monitors these transactions? You charged me twice, 2 seperate times ,2 seperate charges, for two seperate products. I purchased a Danbury Lamp from a seller identified as crunchy which was sold as good condition. This item arrived poorly packaged and the lamp socket and shade was crushed beyond use. I had to have the lamp repaired at a shop and buy a new shade.

I opened a case with eBay Customer Support. My case was denied. My appeal was denied. My negative feedback of the seller was removed. This was all done in spite of eBay making claims to have a buyer protection program.

This pure BS as eBay is simply a greedy company that treats the buyers as crap. Ebay is so full of crap! I called those assholes after they suspended my account because they said that I was selling counterfeit otterboxes — which IM NOT! They just flat out could not explain why the other listings were not removed! They never said that OtterBox approved of people selling their cases for 9 dollars! I told them that I was going to sue them, and the person asked me was he being recorded! My listings would literally be on the 1st page in the 2nd spot, and then all of a sudden in the middle of my listing it would be buried in the th spot!

They could not explain that to me either! I was never informed of a fee, when I signed up for all my listings I was told it was free. I feel ripped off and disgusted. I think you should only be charged when your item sells and they should not be charging you on your shipping too!

I paid for the shipping for the buyer, why is ebay now charging me. I personally went to post office and paid the shipping, ebay was not involved in any way shape or form as I did not used ebay to create the shipping label. My hubby just sold trousers on eBay. They were fine when sent but the buyer has made up all sorts of faults and excuses and raised a case. I have purchased items thru ebay for a long time.

Recently I have had two different transactions that have yet to be completed. I have sent emails to ebay after my confirmation delivery date. I have still no response. This has been over three weeks, Either refund my money or get my products.

I have never had this issue with Amazon. Yes they cost more however I dont have these issues. I would appreciate some form of communication to get this resolved!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Since you guys have suspended my account, I have been posting what a crock of you know what you guys are.

I will continue to blast you because your customer service is terrible. At this time your site has lost thousands to other sites, by the way saving me money. My wife loves going after big companies like yours that enjoy playing games with people.

She has had 2 major corporations beg her to get off of their case. You deserve as much bad press as you can get. Way too many better sites to purchase from, good competition that saves lots of money. Do not waste your tims and money on ebay. Irritating to say the least.

Anyone have any ideas as to why this happens on a semi-regular basis? The seller,however, assured the refund. And I got directed from ebay. Meanwhile the seller sold the item I paid for to other buyer!!!!

Shocked, emailed her to ask to wire the money. She said, waiting for the email from ebay…. Not a word ever since. Of course tried to solve this ebay. Guess send the letter to all ebay.

Does this sound too much work? I do not have any other contact to seller except mail never answers me back. I had a case opened against me for a black diamond I sold. In her opening statement of the case, she stated the diamond tested positive. The case was allowed to continue. I talked to a total of 5 people, 1 was a supervisor, 1 was in escalation.

I was told that even though she stated in her opening statement, it was positive, she could still open a case. And, she was the ONLY one that could close it. I kept saying this was wrong.

I was told that I had to tell her to send the diamond back, and if it was mine which I may or may not be able to prove , would have to give her her money back. I asked for a supervisor. At 15min before you close, I got one. She stated that the buyer was NOT entitled to a refund and that I had been told incorrectly, she would make notes, and send me directly to escalation so they could notify the buyer that she was not entitled to a refund before she could get to the post office, this AM.

I was switched to Frolian who told me I that even though what I was told was wrong, and even though the supervisor told me they would notify the buyer, it was too late because I had offered the refund. She lied about the diamond and opened a case with no merit.

The customer service rep. Why would I,or my husband, or my father that I got all to come on here and buy and sell EVER even consider doing business with a company as incompetent and dishonest as you? The buyer has ALL the power. I did what you told me. I intend to tell everyone how you treat your sellers.

I have worked so hard to be honest. Keep a perfect record. Pay my fees immediately. Thanks eBay for opening my eyes to your business practices and the lack of knowledge your customer support has! That is ALL I can thank you for!

I have called 10 times as of today and was put on hold for over 3 hours. I was also hung up on. I will be contacting the F. C for fine violations and also reporting to B. E-bay was once a great venue for commerce. I have limited phone minutes per month. I think E-bay sucks! I want to report a technical glitch in their site.

Yes, I have not still found the email of the customer service From ebay america. If somebody has one, please tell me. The Ebay app keeps crashing. This problem has been occurring for several years now yet no one has fixed it.

Please fix the app from crashing or design a different one. I can no longer sell because of this woman!!! Getting through to Customer Service is horrible! Let them hire more representatives. If you get the Philippines, you lose.

If you get the right guy, you can occasionally get them to transfer you to U. My credit card was charge for ebay fees even though the item that I was selling was returned and refunded. I tried to resolve this by calling the customer service. I was transferred to several people in 4 different department. Kay from the billing department has no customer service and rude.

I asked to speak with a manager and what she did is transfer me back to the queue and be on hold again. My issue was not resolved. Not a good experience at all. I purchased a piece of expensive luggage on the the ebay site. Upon receiving it I discovered it will not work as a carryon for an international flight. I received emails from them confirming the order, emails stating item was shipped etc.

They made it sound like I never ordered it. Who the hell tries to return something they dont have. Then they informed it was ordered by a different person, now I am seeing RED oh wait. If they couldnt find it how did they know I ordered it as a guest??? I have made several calls to them. I call they tell me to contact EBAY.. Their customer service leaves a person wondering how they are still in business???

So here I sit with a suitcase that I cannot use because no one will take responsibility for its return and I am out my money.

I am going to go through my credit card company and hopefully they can resolve this mess. I have been a thriving member of eBay for years. I sold and sent a beautiful vintage Holy Rosary to a customer.

So this lady has given me a neutral feedback that will stay on my account for a year. Ebay says that they can not help me because it is the customers opinion. I beg to differ Ebay,… when it is the sellers on Ebay that do all of the work and pay YOU for the honor of using your system. Wake up and realize that the Sellers need some support sometimes as well.

A sight that some say is miles above what I am presently using. Good buy to all of my friends and my certified letter sent to the corporate office will request that Ebay sometimes show some support for the seller. Without sellers, there would be NO Ebay!!! I had a account manager tell me that he was going to help me.

He put me on hold and the call was dropped??? Anyway Ebay, you have lost a good customer, if I do say so myself. I was on the phone with Ebay for nearly 3 hours. Plus my email is being flooded with well wishers whom say that I was treated unfairly and they are in the midst of telling me their nightmares with Ebay…. I ordered an item about 5 days ago… buy it now item; and immediately I received an email from the seller that the shipping label has been printed and I will receive my item in the usual day time frame.

As my customers car sits in my shop awaiting the part I was guaranteed by the seller was in stock and was in the process of programming and testing, I receive an email from the seller instead. I wanted to inform you that I am aware that ebay has it showing that you would receive your part tomorrow, but we are actually a little behind due to the holiday Labor Day, wow such a holiday to slow down parts guaranteed in stock huh… and that I would receive my part by the beginning of next week.

Please call at - -. Still, they are trying to play off the message I received about the label being printed as an automatic Ebay message regarding the time frame for shipping. Well I can understand this as I have received many messages of this nature. My problem is that the email specifically states that my part in in the programming and testing phase and will be sent out promptly.

I did not know that Ebay referred to this phase of programming the VIN and auto mileage as part if their automatic reply.

Any thoughts or ideas? I immediately asked for a full refund. I feel that they should have informed me as to the fact that it was not in stock the moment they accepted my payment, rather than waiting until the day of to email me telling me that instead of a part coming today, you have this nicely worded message instead… well, gee thanks baloonstones! The information referring to the shipping cost, the shipping time frame, that it was in stock and the cost of the item were pertinent in making my decision as whether or not to buy from this seller.

In my rural area, many manufacturing and other smaller businesses have closed up leaving the local mechanics to resort to methods such as these for parts that their customers want. Please give some feedback as Ebay seems not to want to be bothered with it seeing as they do not post info to contact them directly.

Put the human element back into customer service would be nice!!! I am on hold to , the number I was given for PayPal, now for 17 minutes. On hold while PP is checking on something. On hold with PP at We were not able to process your PayPal payment If you encounter this message more than once, please contact PayPal customer support for further assistance Error code: I hope I can get both the screen capture of the failure, and this text, into a single PDF file, and hope the attachment capability lets it go through.

And yet, here I am, doing exactly that. So I apologize … I just really wanted this phone. I want to buy this phone, in black only. Ebay doesnt care about anyones problems and it takes a act of congress to even get someone on the phone for help. I was trying to bid on something today and realized I was being conned into bidding. Have been trying to get a hope of customer care. At first it tells me 28 mins and someone will be with you.

I still have not been able to get a hold of customer service. When Ebay sends you items to complete for Fraud www. Ebay used to be a great company.

BUT WORSE, what used to take 2 minutes on the site, I am still on the phone with customer service for now nearly 2 hours and the basic function is still not resolved. I certainly could not recommend this seller he had said a courier would call to collect the defective item he gave me various dates I sent suitable date but no one turned up c mcerlaine charlesina By phone, it is easy to reach them but on line it is like running around in circles.

I just got plant that was pinched with zip ties so hard, it just about killed the plant. It also had 4 bends in stalk and leaves. I took pictures, seller told me I have to pay for shipping either for replacement or new one. I thought it was not fair since I expected healthy plant and now I have something that will not support itself-stalk is half brown and bending even with support.

I offered to split the shipping cost even thou it was not my fault. Well I got accused of trying to get one plant for free. He was nasty and rude and yelling at me, borderline harrasing me. I showed the plant and pictures and the emails to my boyfriend and co workers and they all agrred on bad customer service from ebay and the seller. Long story short, ebay would not refund money and seller would not provide shipping label.

So I am screwed out of my money and no plant. I think ebay is just carring about the fees. You guys are the worst and I will find alternatives. EBay I am very angry with you I relied on you to email me about a auction that was coming to a end no email. I would like to suggest that ebay publish the fact that state sales tax will be charged by the state that the customer lives in when they are succesful in winning.

Post in the bid window or advertisement of the item they are bidding on so everyone can see how greedy these states are. Last week I bought Iphone 5S from eBay, the seller sold locked phone instead of unlocked device and he defrauded.

I am so disappointed about this. Right now I just want to return this item to get my money back. Please contact me as soon as possible to protect customers, thank you! I have a new password but, can not register for account to sell items. Email address of customer support was not found any where here in this page. Please send the email I. Pls ebay kindly advise on this issue. I just had the most hilarious and frustrating eBay experience. However this turned out to be a fraudulent purchase. Oh well, it happens.

So yesterday I spend three hours on the phone being transferred to this department and that finally ending up getting what I want… the ability to repost my laptop. So again I wake up today to my laptop being purchased which is great because I am on a deadline to get this house and I needed an extra grand or so. So after inspecting the new purchaser today I realize that it is suspiciously similar to the one that was fraudulent tomorrow.

So after working my way through PayPal I eventually get transferred to eBay. The first couple hours I was able to laugh it off as I figured there are always some level of shenanigans to shift through with modern call centers.

I have lots of details, including my reference numbers for all of my transfers today , and I am going to move forward with some sort of action on my part if this is not resolved. To be honest something like this has never happened to me and I really have never heard a horror story like this before.

Let me know if there is anything you can do to resolve these issues. Ebay customer service is amazing. Amazing that I can no longer access my ebay account after years because I cannot get them to change my contact information to comply with a forced password change. After multiple phone calls, and online chat, and providing them with requested old emails, phone numbers and addresses they sometimes cannot locate my account or when they do, they keep asking for more addresses and old phone numbers beyond what I have given.

At a certain point it becomes pointless. Ok closed my account with very similar circumstances. I keep trying to register as an Ebay customer. The same thing happens every time — I fill in the page where you register your details and invent a password. Then I press continue. And of course the only way to get help is to telephone a US number and doubtless go through endless tedious routines. My password has not changed?? App for ipad eBay 3. Please bring back 3.

I buy quite a few trading cards which makes for many transactions daily…….. Ebay has really gone down hill. They have unethical buyers and it takes forever to ger your money back. I bought a pair of shoes on 18 october which I never received. I contact the resolution centre for help. I was asked to escalate my case to ebay buyer protection for money back. It could not be done because I was continuously told there was a technical hiccup in their service.

I emailed several times to no avail. The matter will be automatically closed on 28 dec. Really disappointed with ebay customer service. I received the phone not as described. The charging door was missing. I shipped the phone back to seller. Seller refused to refund my money. So now seller keeps the phone and money. How eBay protected buyers? I used it three times, with scammer sellers. So they took away the buyer protection pledge. So I received some counterfit coins from China, Ebay did nothing to help.

Goodbye all Phillipino Custer service ningcofpoofs! I closed my Ebay account yesterday. I have reported to US Treasury how Ebay is complicit with these counterfeiters.

The Ebay company has taken away my buyer protection, from those I have bought from, because they tried to cheat me. Buyers are treated sellers pretty well, except there are many scammers, how make bailed threats, when they interpret their purchase with disdain.. My last sale was toa buyer,who called me a liar, blamed me for a crack in the coin holder and weather or not the coin grading company tried to cheat him. I offered a refund and shipping cost, but the buyer is intending to leave a negative feedback.

I say goodbye to a company who has a death wish! I may have made my last eBay purchase. Ih ave tried direct contact for resolutionan d am directed to PayPal. PayPal is of little help.

Your website is impossible to get thrpugh ifa problem occurs. I have learned my lesson: You are right, ebay and most of the sellers in ebay are not doing business. Instead, they are cheating people in a legal form. Let the whole world see their real faces. We all try to stop them from generating more and more faces.

Otherwise they will have more and more clients and customers, which will be turned out to be their victims. Ebay may be the largest, but has decaying customer service, allows known counterfeiters to rip off the public!

Your just a number, was invented by Ebay. I guess stink is a curse in Phillipino? The rigidity of your rules, leaves one with few options. I was forced out of business. No fees discount, penalties for early store closure, about three months fees. No real customer service, just mirrors, and double talk canned answers to everything. I have canceled an item on eBay. This will probably be the last time I ever shop on eBay.

I want my refund ASAP. I paid with a credit card and I want it back on my credit card. I am sorry to tell you base on my experience when dealing with ebay. You have to prepare for the worst to come. Ebay is not what it use to be they made there web site harder to get around.

They make it hard to find away to get a hold of someone. Ebay treats people differently. It looks down to certain people from certain country. When someone has problem, ebay asks him to key in certain information in its website at the same time purposely disabled the website.

Then ebay says that person is violating the rules and requirement of ebay. But ebay insists that even though it is not working, that person still has to key in the required information as even though the website is not working, it is still valid, as far as ebay is concerned. It is a real issue, not created story. Who is that guy? Now its tactic is ignore my email and phone call made to Customer Service. I am from Malaysia. What are the information needed to key in? So long as you get this two information, you are able to track the shipment.

Nobody can track the shipment in the website of ebay. You can only track it in the website of Poslaju National Courier, regardless of which website you key in. You can key in these two information in many many websites you like. But if you really want to track, you still have to go to Poslaju National Courier website and key in the tracking number. Actually this is a return-to-seller transaction. I purchased a jacket which made of polyester as mentioned in the seller advertisement. It is not the case when I received it.

Ebay asked me to send back the item with tracking number. Once the item is moving, the refund would be paid. However the website provided by ebay to key in tracking number and shipping company cannot work.

I tracked the shipping and the seller received it on 12 January I told ebay customer service that with the tracking number, you can go to poslaju website to track the item. No respose from ebay. Wherever I key in the tracking number, you still have to go back to Poslaju National Courier website to track it. And ebay inform me with 72 hours everything will be ok. But now one week already, the website is still cannot work. Sorry to ask you one question: And ebay is still insisting me to key in their disabled I think this is the correct word website.

Sometimes ebay respond but sometimes it do not. From this case, we can see ebay is totally bias. Ebay said the refund wiil be included the cost of returned but they never ask me how much? So the refund amount is how much? But it seems that ebay has never trust me and keep on giving me troubles. Please be sincere to solve the problem with the seller.

Everybody is trying to reduce loss. But if it is the seller fault, he has to absorb the loss. If I know in advance that this may happen, I better throw the wool-garment into garbage. At least I can save the cost of return. It costs me RM No tracking for normal post. Just compare 2 amounts, do you think the seller wants to absorb this RM Return and Refund, this is the instruction given by ebay.

The term refund is too general. Once I sent back, somebody for example the seller may claim that this is not a fully refund or just a partial refund. I just simply follow your instruction and send the item back. Why you want to use a tricky term? Now the seller got the item already, where is the refund for me? I contacted the seller before went to ebay for help. A lot of emails have been sent to this seller with a name of articouture, but no response at all. Why keep on deleting my comment?

Yet you want to do it and scare of letting people know, better go to sleep inside coffin. Than ask somebody to throw the coffin to Pacific Ocean!

How does such a large company Not have a way to contact them by email??? And it is Impossible to call them. Very very Horrible terrible customer service…the worst!! What does that say??

I purchased item The product was listed as a Smart TV. The pictures listed were blurry and hard to see with no item number. I purchased the item on the premise it was a Smart TV only.

The person I bought from does not respond to my numerous emails. It was sent Priority from the same state I live in. I have not received it yet. I called earlier and was told I would be called back!!

Just because my son has a account and we have the same address because he lives with me. Call me back like you told me you would.

Sold an item on eBay. Weather has been really bad in the NE part of US because of the winter storm so buyer should give enough time for parcel to arrive. Now eBay is billing me!

Tried getting in touch with buyer several times and no response. I have been trying to find a way to send eBay an email so there will be a trace on the communications since there is no help at all for sellers who are scammed.

The typical problem occurs when two or more strong local stations on different frequencies, as a result of non-linear effects in the tuner, combine to create a distorted signal at another frequency that is stronger than the station that should be there. These harmonics then mix with other strong stations to create ghost stations in the amp or mixer.

In very dense urban markets, the harmonics created can be so numerous as to create an overall increase in noise on all stations. The most troublesome mixing products are caused by very strong stations that are close to each other in frequency, and also close to a desired weaker station. This is because RF gangs are generally MHz wide, and most tuners have only one gang in front of the first RF amp although better tuners have two gangs before the RF amp.

When the gangs cannot attenuate undesirable strong signals, the ability of the RF amp and mixer to withstand RFIM is tested. For example, subtracting These stations are all so close in frequency that one gang of the front end will do little to attenuate them. In cases like this, using a directional external antenna is the best way to prevent the unwanted stations from overloading the front end.

Many tuners also have provision for handling strong RF signals, which usually means circuits to bypass RF amps, add attenuation, or both.

It should be noted, though, that this scenario in which all three stations are less than 2 MHz apart is the worst case. Usually the strong signals are farther apart in frequency, or farther away from the one you are trying to listen to, and then the gangs will do their job and attenuate strong offending stations. All other things being equal, two bandpass filters will have better out-of-band rejection than one, and for this reason two gangs before the RF amp is preferred over one in very strong signal environments.

A calculation of how an individual amp, mixer, or composite RF stage can handle third-order RFIM, called "IP3" third-order intermodulation product , is a combination of measurement and graphical extrapolation, usually expressed in dBm the higher the better. For some reason, based on a survey of tuner owners and written opinions of others like David Rich, it does not. Perhaps the wording of the spec itself, confusing at best, is to blame. Or perhaps creative marketing departments chose to interpret the spec to mean the best, not worst, of the three measurements.

For most tuners, however, field testing under actual conditions appears to be the best way to determine resistance to strong-signal overload, unless you have access to RF instruments and can perform the RFIM measurements yourself. In general, many, but not all, older tuners designed before the modern FM station congestion can have problems with RFIM.

This would seem to include models like the Marantz 10B, according to personal accounts by some of our contributors, who said the Scott series had much better RFIM performance. Our panelist David "Anonymous" adds, "The problem of RFIM is caused fundamentally by too much gain and not enough selectivity in the front end. It is worsened by adding an RF amp in front of any tuner even if there are tuned elements in front of it.

Therefore, having two or even three tuning elements caps or varactors prior to any RF amplifier elements helps a great deal because it limits the bandwidth coming in and therefore the total energy being directed at the RF amp s and the mixer.

This is correctly called RFIM and is usually specified as a level of attenuation relative to a certain deviation from the tuned center frequency. It is important to understand that a 7 effective gang tuner that is arranged as 3 tuning elements, an RF amp, 3 elements, a mixer and a single element for the local oscillator will radically outperform a 7-gang tuner that has 1 element, an RF amp, 2 elements, another RF amp, 2 elements, a mixer and 2 tuned elements for the LO.

In addition, unless varactors are very carefully selected and designed, there is fundamentally more front-end selectivity when one uses tuning capacitors. Our contributor Brian Beezley, however, disagrees with David on one point: If the intermod originates in the mixer, AGC will help, not hurt. This is the usual case.

The more gain that precedes the mixer, the more IM the mixer will create. The IM created in the input RF amplifier of the tuner is generally insignificant compared to what's created in the mixer. Overload in the IF amplifier of an FM tuner will not be noticeable except with laboratory instrumentation. The higher the IP3 number, the better. I've measured the IP3 of a few tuners and found a wide variation. Those values are for undesired signals kHz apart alternate channel spacing.

For signals with a spacing of 1 MHz or more, the IP3 performance improves dramatically. As far as antenna amplifiers go, I haven't measured consumer-grade units, just a couple of communications-grade units. I would guess that a consumer-grade antenna preamp would be in the range of 0 dBm. Any gain added before an FM tuner will degrade its IM performance.

For signals closely spaced, IM performance will be limited by the tuner, degraded by the added gain of the antenna amplifier. For signals widely spaced, IM performance will be limited by the consumer-grade antenna amplifier. So we understand what we're talking about, the effect of inadequate IM performance of an FM tuner will be the creation of signals at the wrong frequencies across the dial.

Those false signals are usually very distorted. If the frequency where a false signal is created happens to be your favorite low-power college jazz station, the effect will be elevated background noise, especially in stereo. In our reviews, we usually mention the number of FM front-end tuning elements in a tuner, when known. These elements can be either variable capacitors or diodes that vary capacitance as a function of voltage, known as varactor diodes.

As a general rule, older tuners typically have variable capacitors and newer ones tend to use varactor diodes, but there are exceptions to both. The term "gangs" refers to individual capacitors physically tied together such that they all change capacitance when the tuning mechanism is actuated.

We may refer to both varactors and variable capacitor sections as gangs for convenience, or call varactors "the electronic equivalent" of gangs. Variable capacitors are superior in a number of respects: Variable capacitors create some measure of front-end selectivity where it has no negative effects on the signal, as opposed to selectivity in the IF which can have a profound impact on the signal.

The number of gangs and the overall front-end architecture of a tuner directly correlates with its ability to reject spurious signals and images, and usually indicates the tuner's ability to handle strong signals from local transmitters without overloading the front end.

Our contributor Brian L. The RF amps are tuned by the gangs of the tuning capacitor, one gang per tuned circuit. One gang is left over to tune the local oscillator LO. Therefore, a 3-gang tuner has only two tuned circuits to select the desired station and reject the rest.

A 5-gang tuner has four tuned circuits to select only the desired station's signal and this leads to better attenuation of the undesired signals, i. Many other factors, including, but not limited to, mixer design and RF amplifier topology, also influence RF performance. How the gangs are arranged and what they are used for is also critical. Different front-end architectures can be expected to yield different performance from the same number of gangs.

However, we have found that the number of gangs can be a convenient "shorthand" indication of the overall build quality of a tuner, affecting sensitivity, image and spurious signal rejection, maximum signal-to-noise ratio, and other front-end parameters. This attention to detail and performance in the RF front end may, or may not, carry through to the IF, detector, multiplex and audio stages.

The number of gangs used commercially in quality tuners has ranged from a low of 3 to a high of 9. Each tuning element inserts loss that must be compensated for by RF amplification or the gain of the antenna. Some tuners have different operating modes or bypasses that reconfigure or bypass gangs. We have found that tuners need a minimum of 5 gangs to perform optimally over a wide variety of reception conditions, but some 4-gang tuners will provide excellent performance in most situations.

Even some 3-gang tuners are quite sensitive, but may have problems with strong signals showing up in many places across the dial due to front-end overload. Our contributor Eric B. All tuners use IF intermediate frequency bandpass filters nominally at From the s on, multiple 2-stage ceramic filters have been used to attempt to eliminate alternate channel interference and minimize adjacent channel interference.

In our reviews, we usually include the number of ceramic filters for which the tuner has slots in its circuit board, when known. A tuner with 3 or more filters can almost always be made more selective with a filter mod, and the most selective tuners use 4, 5 or even more filters. Would-be filter modders are cautioned that while replacing a tuner's stock filters with new narrower ones will certainly improve selectivity, if the new filters have not been professionally measured and matched, there is likely to be a noticeable degradation of audio quality.

Particularly when changing filters in a digitally tuned receiver, one should ensure that the new narrow filters are centered right on An alignment can improve a tuner's weak-signal reception, distortion, and stereo separation. Also, in many cases the tuning dial reads incorrectly, and an alignment solves that problem although it should be pointed out that a well-calibrated tuning dial does not necessarily indicate that the tuner is properly aligned.

Setting the tuner's detector correctly can also improve reception of adjacent-channel stations. If one listens primarily to strong local stations, it may not be apparent that a tuner is out of alignment, and a misaligned tuner can have sensitivity as high poor as uV and still sound fine on locals.

With a good alignment, the sensitivity of many top tuners can be improved to 1. Then a bunch of BNC cables, test leads, probes, etc. In some cases, you may have to build adapters or probes from scratch or otherwise improvise. Procuring the equipment is one thing, and figuring out how to use it successfully is another. Many people could do it with proper training and help, but it is best learned by observing in person, like learning a trade, rather than by reading how to do it.

Usually the manual for the stereo generator is a good starting point. Our panelist Bob discusses alignment techniques in our FMtuners group in the series of posts beginning here , and here is a useful discussion of alignments of Scott tuners, most of which have broader application.

When selecting a shop for tuner modifications, repairs, or even just a tuneup, ask what kind of test gear they use to complete the final RF checkout and alignment.

This can be a hit-and-miss strategy, so be sure to only select items that you're confident you could sell for a profit. The downside of that strategy is it involves time, energy, and often a bit of luck to work. If you're a hobbyist it could be an enjoyable and profitable process, but if that's not your cup of tea, consider buying wholesale goods. Just search for the types of products you'd like to sell and browse the trusted suppliers available to you.

Still, it's not as well known, so you'd be selling to a smaller pool of buyers. If you'd like a thorough run-down of eBid as an alternative to eBay, check out this post: Is eBid a Viable Alternative to eBay? Want to know exactly what you'll get with eBid that you haven't had with eBay? There's extra potential here if you know a thing or two about generating your own traffic.

There's definitely potential here, but also more work required to get your shop off the ground. Selling on your very own website really is the ultimate option if you want to increase your profits and build a business that will become a long-term asset. There's an easy way, which I'll mention a bit further down. With this option, you can build up your own brand, rather than eBay's or Amazon's. They're spreading their brand, not yours.

People say "I got it on eBay," or "I got it on Amazon," with no mention of the seller's name! Why not put that effort into yourself instead? Pretty much anyone can get their own website and make a profit. Setting up your own store isn't nearly as hard as it used to be, and with a little time and effort, you can sell exactly what you want to, and how you want to. You can learn about the pros and cons of owning your own website here , and decide for yourself if it's something you'd like to pursue.

Selling on your own website used to be expensive and complicated, but it doesn't have to be! With SaleHoo Stores, there's no need for technical experience or knowledge; you can have your own store up and running in minutes and with just a few simple clicks of a mouse.

Then, you just have to get traffic to your site to encourage sales. Niche-specific websites are marketplaces where people only sell one type of product. If you're passionate about a specific niche of products, or you tend to bulk-order a small range of items, then niche-specific websites could be a great platform for you.

A quick way to get a rough comparison of popularity is to do a keyword search. Simply type in the name of the product or niche that you're interested in selling, and look at the monthly search volumes. If you're tossing up a few options, then try each one out to see which ones generally have more searches.

Once you've got a strong idea of what you'd like to sell, try searching in Google for "Places to sell [product type]. Be sure to read about other people's experiences selling on them first. Finally, you need to find trusted suppliers with the best products to sell on these networks. For example, if you were looking for clothes to sell, you could try any of these:. These are just some examples of the trusted suppliers you can access in the SaleHoo directory. Stand-outs will be researched and added in our next update.

Amazon is the only other network that's similar to eBay in size, with a giant range of products and massive customer base.

Bonanza is similar to eBay in that the range of products you can sell isn't limited like it is on sites like Etsy, and they have a fantastic relationship with sellers, so it's worth trying.

Finally, if the auction-style is what you like about eBay, then eBid is the closest relative, although there's much less traffic circulating there so you'll have to do a lot more promotion to get your store off the ground. These creative-style networks are really taking off, with Etsy coming in highest after eBay in overall Sellers Choice ratings.

These networks might be totally wrong for the type of product that you're looking to sell, but if you're not tied down already, then these networks are worth the time to try out. This network is certainly on the rise as a strong alternative to eBay. The site has fantastic communication, and your listings will only cost you if they're successful, in which case it'll be a non-issue. Amazon is also free to list items on, but it charges higher commissions.

The high volume of traffic on Amazon may make up for that though, depending on how much competition you're facing and how much demand there is for what you're selling. You can always try listing on both and seeing which gives you the best returns.

After all, neither will cost you anything until your items sell so you've got nothing to lose. This is a sort of cheap-and-nasty option where you're left to your own devices and often end up trading in person, but if you don't mind selling locally and being a little more hands-on in the selling process, then this is an option to consider. While at that, if you're looking for more profitable products to sell, you can learn more about Salehoo about how we can help you source profitable products from low cost suppliers.

Be sure to also check these Salehoo reviews by our customers before you decide. Finally, if you're an enthusiast for selling one type of product but you don't want to build your own site, it's worth looking into niche-specific marketplaces. Just do a quick Google search to see if you can find any in your area of interest.

Have we missed one that you'd like to see here? Do you think other sellers should jump on the eBay alternatives bandwagon? Remember me on this computer. Try these alternative places to sell Amazon is a traditional retail setup, and sales are instant with a fixed price.

It's up to the sellers to make good on customer service. Who is Amazon Best Suited To? Some example ones you could look at are: Cellphone stands Earphones Silicone Adhesive bras e-Juice These are just a few options that we've already looked into. Etsy Etsy as well as Ruby Lane: The Artsy-Crafty Platforms Etsy is doing very well as an online selling platform.

This means your listings will last 4 times as long on Etsy before you'll have to renew them. Who is Etsy Best Suited To? How to Succeed on Etsy If you create your own products, then by all means go ahead and list them and see how you go.

Basic craft supplies Beautiful beads, buttons, etc. Fabrics Jewelry-making supplies Vintage items from the s through to the s There are many others you could look into, the above are just a few of the trusted suppliers available to you in the SaleHoo directory. Any quirky or unique-style items are great here.

We'll talk more about Bonanza in the next section. Unlike eBay, however, many items on Bonanza are quirky and unique - extraordinary items do well here. Although Bonanza's monthly traffic is lower than eBay's, the ratio of shoppers to sellers on Bonanza is much higher: That means far less competition between sellers, and far more chances for buyers to see your products.

Who is Bonanza Best Suited To? How to Succeed with Bonanza Bonanza actually provides a really helpful guide for making sales on its platform, so that's definitely worth checking out. So there's higher risk there. This limits your market compared to eBay, which usually involves shipping to a much wider area. Unlike eBay, Craigslist has a "free" section where people aren't looking to make money , they're just trying to get rid of things they don't want.

A lot of this will be junk, but you can keep an eye out for anything you could get and resell for a decent profit, especially if you're skilled at fixing things up. Who is Craigslist Suited To? How to Succeed with Craigslist Be careful with how you sell, as online transactions can be a little dodgy here, and if you get handed fake money, then it's basically your loss. Some examples of items you could sell on Craigslist include: Who is eBid Most Suited To? Some examples of items you could sell on eBid are: DVDs Craft supplies Books Toys There's definitely potential here, but also more work required to get your shop off the ground.

The No-Competition Option Selling on your very own website really is the ultimate option if you want to increase your profits and build a business that will become a long-term asset. You're building your own brand. You're not competing with any other sellers on the same platform. This means you don't lose sales to others. This makes way for larger profit margins. How to Succeed with Your Online Store Selling on your own website used to be expensive and complicated, but it doesn't have to be!

Smaller Markets but Highly Targeted Niche-specific websites are marketplaces where people only sell one type of product. Highly targeted to buyers of that niche. You don't have to compete with other categories for attention. These sites are less obvious options, so some of your competition won't be here. For example, if you were looking for clothes to sell, you could try any of these: Current suggestions from the comments on this post include: The Early Years Boutique: Gifts and products revolving around children and babies.

Mostly clothes and shoes, but also toys, electronics, and accessories such as phone cases. Pinterest-style marketplace, strongly visual layout for selling. Broad-category marketplace for sellers in the USA. Where do you prefer to sell?

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